The Baptism of Marianna Niedziałkowska – 1745

Marianna Niedziałkowska, daughter of Ignacy Niedziałkowski and Zofia Kamińska, was born on about 06 December 1746 in Klonowo, Ciechanów Land, Mazovian Voivodeship, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. She was baptized in the parish church in Pałuki, Ciechanów Land, Mazovian Voivodeship, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth on 06 December 1746.

The Baptismal Record for Marianna Niedziałkowska - 1745

The Baptismal Record for Marianna Niedziałkowska – 1745

SOURCE: St. Gotard Parish (Pałuki, Poland), “Baptisatorum ab Anno 1740 ad 1754. Księga III” [Book III of Baptisms from 1740 to 1754], page 28 verso, Marianna Niedziałkowski baptism, 06 December 1746; accessed as “Poland, Warszawa, Pałuki (Ciechanów) – Church records),” browsable images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSXV-Z3Y8-J?i=608 : 04 September 2017), FHS microfilm number 1496612, Item 12, Page 28 verso; Film Viewer – DGS: 008025419, image 609 of 803.

The baptismal record itself refers to two previous baptismal records: one that shows the date of the baptism, and another that shows the name of the priest who baptized Marianna.

Date of Baptism of Marianna Niedziałkowska - 1847

Date of Baptism of Marianna Niedziałkowska – 1847

Priest Who Baptized Marianna Niedziałkowska - 1847

Priest Who Baptized Marianna Niedziałkowska – 1847

Click on the images above to view higher resolution images. Click on the link for a PDF copy of the Baptismal Record for Marianna Niedziałkowska – 1754. Taken together and translated from the Latin, the record reads:

Klonowo
On the day and year above [06 December 1746], I, the same as above [Jakub Antoni Chełchowski, Registrar, The Most Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary], baptized a female with the name Marianna, daughter of the legally married couple, the nobles Ignacy and Zofia Niedziałkowski. The godparents were the well-born Antoni Pajewski and the noble Teresa Niedziałkowska, an unmarried woman.

Marianna Niedziałkowska was my 5th great aunt.

The date of baptism was written in the baptismal record for Mikołaj Wiklowski, immediately preceding Marianna’s record. Then name of the priest who baptized Marianna was written in the baptismal record for Stanisław Zmobeński on the recto (front) side of the same page in the register.

Copyright © 2017 by Stephen J. Danko

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Administrative Structure of the Parishes of the Suwałki Powiat

As I document events in my family’s history, I record the name of the place where an event occurred as it was known at the time of the event. Because the borders and administrative divisions in Poland have changed many times during the last three hundred years, identifying the historical administrative division in which a particular village was located can be frustrating. To make my work easier, I’ve found that if I summarize the historical administrative structure for a parish once, I can then refer to that summary in the future as I add new information to my database.

Historically, the parishes (and their associated villages) in what was the Suwałki Powiat at the end of the 19th Century belonged to the following administrative divisions:

1569-1795: Village, Polilsh-Lithuanian Commonwealth
1795-1807: Village, Russian Empire
1807-1815: Village, Dąbrowski Powiat, Łomża Department, Duchy of Warsaw
1815-1816: Village, Dąbrowski Powiat, Augustów Department, Congress Kingdom of Poland
1816-1837: Village, Dąbrowski Obwód, Augustów Voivodeship, Congress Kingdom of Poland
1837-1842: Village, Dąbrowski Obwód, Augustów Gubernia, Congress Kingdom of Poland
1842-1844: Village, Dąbrowski Powiat, Augustów Gubernia, Congress Kingdom of Poland
1844-1867: Village, Dąbrowski Powiat, Augustów Gubernia, Congress Kingdom of Poland
1867-1918: Village, Suwalki Powiat, Suwalki Gubernia, Congress Kingdom of Poland
1918-1939: Village, Powiat, Voivodeship, Second Polish Republic
1939-1941: Village, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union
1941-1945: Village, Bezirk Bialystok, German Reich
1945-1952: Village: Białystok Voivodeship, Republic of Poland
1952-1975: Village, Białystok Voivodeship, Polish People’s Republic
1975-1990: Village, Suwałki Voivodeship, Polish People’s Republic
1990-1999: Village, Suwałki Voivodeship, Third Polish Republic
1999-Present: Village, Suwałki Powiat, Podlaskie Voivodeship, Third Polish Republic

Copyright © 2017 by Stephen J. Danko

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The Cable Car to Sugarloaf

Sugarloaf is an iconic peak bordering Guanabara Bay in Rio de Janeiro. To get to the top of Sugarloaf, tourists must take two cable cars, the first from the station at Praia Vermelha (Red Beach), and the second from the station at Morro da Urca (Urca Hill). Urca is an acronym for Urbanização Carioca (Carioca Urbanization). The cable car ends at the top of Sugarloaf. According to my tour guide, the indigenous inhabitants called the peak Pau-nh-açuquã, and the Portuguese thought the name sounded like Pão de Açúcar (Sugarloaf). The cable car system was modernized by Cristovão Leite de Castro in 1972.

Praia Vermelha from Sugarloaf

Praia Vermelha from Sugarloaf

SOURCE: Praia Vermelha from Sugarloaf (Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 26 February 2017.

Morro da Urca

Morro da Urca

SOURCE: Morro da Urca (Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 26 February 2017.

Sugarloaf Station

Sugarloaf Station

SOURCE: Sugarloaf Station (Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 26 February 2017.

Cristovão Leite de Castro

Cristovão Leite de Castro

SOURCE: Cristovão Leite de Castro (Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 26 February 2017.

Copyright © 2017 by Stephen J. Danko

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Wildlife at Sugarloaf

Sugarloaf Mountain is one of the iconic sights in Rio de Janeiro. While the day continued to be overcast and the views from Sugarloaf were less than ideal, there was wildlife to be seen, including the Common Marmoset (Callithrix jacchus), the Argentine Black and White Tegu (Salvator merianae), the Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus), and the Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens).

Common Marmoset

Common Marmoset

SOURCE:  Common Marmoset (Callithrix jacchus L.) (Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 26 February 2017.

Argentine Black and White Tegu

Argentine Black and White Tegu

SOURCE: Argentine Black and White Tegu (Salvator merianae Dumeril & Bibron) (Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 26 February 2017.

Black Vulture

Black Vulture

SOURCE: Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus Bechstein) (Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 26 February 2017.

Magnificent Frigatebird (Female)

Female Magnificent Frigatebird

SOURCE: Female Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens Mathews) (Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 26 February 2017.

Copyright © 2017 by Stephen J. Danko

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Copacabana Beach

Caricocas (natives of Rio de Janeiro) love their beaches, and the beaches at Copacabana and Ipanema are among the most famous beaches in the world. The one day I had to explore Rio’s beaches was overcast with a sky threatening to rain. Even the beach-loving Cariocas stayed away from Copacabana Beach when I visited.

Copacabana Beach Hillside

Copacabana Beach Hillside

SOURCE:  Copacabana Beach Hillside (Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 26 February 2017.

Hillside Palms at Copacabana Beach

Hillside Palms at Copacabana Beach

SOURCE: Hillside Palms at Copacabana Beach (Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 26 February 2017.

Copacabana Beach

Copacabana Beach

SOURCE: Copacabana Beach (Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 26 February 2017.

Palms at Copacabana Beach

Palms at Copacabana Beach

SOURCE: Palms at Copacabana Beach (Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 26 February 2017.

Copyright © 2017 by Stephen J. Danko

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Bem-vindo ao Rio! (Welcome to Rio!)

I arrived in Rio de Janeiro this morning after a very comfortable flight from San Francisco to Houston, and then from Houston to Rio de Janeiro. This is my second visit to Brazil, although it is my first visit to Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro (River of January) was named by the first Portuguese explorers who arrived at Guanabara Bay on 01 January 1502 and mistakenly thought the mouth of the harbor was a river.

Upon arriving, I immediately looked for a caixa automático (ATM) to withdraw some Brazilian currency, and then went outside to hail a taxi. One of the people organizing taxi rides asked me “Sozinho?” At first, I didn’t understand the word, but I quickly realized that she was asking if I was alone. When I nodded and answered “Sim” (Yes), she ushered me into one of the smaller taxis.

I asked the driver to take me to the Mauá Port. The diver knew where the port was, but had a difficult time finding a route there. Because I arrived on the Saturday before Carnival, many of the streets around the port were closed for Carnival preparations. The driver finally navigated the street closures and brought me to the ship.

The photos below show the view of Rio from the ship, the Oceania Regatta.

Rio de Janeiro from Port Maua -1

Rio de Janeiro from Port Maua -1

SOURCE:  Rio de Janeiro from Port Mauá – 1 (Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 25 February 2017.

Rio de Janeiro from Port Mauá - 2

Rio de Janeiro from Port Mauá – 2

SOURCE:  Rio de Janeiro from Port Mauá – 2 (Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 25 February 2017.

Copyright © 2017 by Stephen J. Danko

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The Camellias of Filoli – Part 3

Most people have heard of the flowering plants of the species Camellia japonicaCamellia reticulata, and the hybrid Camellia x williamsii, but even more people are familiar with another species: Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze. The leaves of Camellia sinsensis are used to make tea. I would not, however, recommend that one try to make tea from the leaves of the camillias shown here.

Camellia japonica 'Margaret McCown'

Camellia japonica ‘Margaret McCown’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Margaret McCown’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Camellia japonica 'Monjisu Red'

Camellia japonica ‘Monjisu Red’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Monjisu Red’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Camellia japonica 'Pink Perfection'

Camellia japonica ‘Pink Perfection’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Pink Perfecion’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Camellia japonica 'Prince Eugene Napoleon'

Camellia japonica ‘Prince Eugene Napoleon’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Prince Eugene Napoleon’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Camellia japonica 'Professor Charles S. Sargent'

Camellia japonica ‘Professor Charles S. Sargent’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Professor Charles S. Sargent’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Camellia japonica 'Purity'

Camellia japonica ‘Purity’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Purity’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Copyright © 2017 by Stephen J. Danko

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The Camellias of Filoli – Part 2

I’m not sure how many cultivars of camellias there are at Filoli, but I took photos of 30 different cultivars myself (including a few I only saw in the garden shop). Most of the camellias I saw were either around the front entrance to the mansion or in the woodland garden.

Camellia japonica 'Drama Girl'

Camellia japonica ‘Drama Girl’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Drama Girl’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Camellia japonica 'Ecclefield'

Camellia japonica ‘Ecclefield’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Ecclefield’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Camellia japonica 'Gigantea'

Camellia japonica ‘Gigantea’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Gigantea’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Camellia japonica 'Herme'

Camellia japonica ‘Herme’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Herme’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Camellia japonica 'Lady Clare'

Camellia japonica ‘Lady Clare’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Lady Clare’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Camellia japonica 'Lotus'

Camellia japonica ‘Lotus’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Lotus’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Copyright © 2017 by Stephen J. Danko

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The Camellias of Filoli – Part 1

The gardens at Filoli include many different varieties of camellias, including cultivars of Camellia japonica L., Camellia reticulata Lindl., and Camellia x williamsii W. W. Sm (a cross of Camellia saluenensis Staph. ex Bean with Camellia japonica L. first crossed by John Charles Williams).

Camellia japonica "Are-Jishi"

Camellia japonica ‘Are-Jishi’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Are-Jishi’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Camellia japonica "Captain Rawes"

Camellia japonica ‘Captain Rawes’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Captain Rawes’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Camellia japonica "Cara Mia"

Camellia japonica ‘Cara Mia’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Cara Mia’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Camellia japonica 'C.M. Hovey'

Camellia japonica ‘C.M. Hovey’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘C.M. Hovey’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Camellia japonica 'C.M. Wilson'

Camellia japonica ‘C.M. Wilson’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘C.M. Wilson’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Camellia japonica 'Debutante'

Camellia japonica ‘Debutante’

SOURCE:  Camellia japonica ‘Debutante’ (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Copyright © 2017 by Stephen J. Danko

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The Magnolias of Filoli in 2017

I’ve visited Filoli in Woodside, California many times. The magnolias flower in early spring, but the timing of a visit must be just right in order to see the magnolias at their finest. This year, I seemed to have timed my visit just right to see Magnolia cambellii, M. cylindrica, M. denudata, and M. kobus in bloom. The final photo in this set is of Michelia doltsopa. The michelias are closely related to the magnolias.

Magnolia campbellii "Strybing White"

Magnolia campbellii ‘Strybing White’ (Campbell’s Magnolia)

SOURCE:  Magnolia campbellii ‘Strybing White’ (Campbell’s Magnolia) (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Magnolia cylindrica (Huangshan magnolia)

Magnolia cylindrica (Huangshan Magnolia)

SOURCE:  Magnolia cylindrica (Huangshan magnolia) (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Magnolia denudata (Yulan magnolia)

Magnolia denudata (Yulan Magnolia)

SOURCE:  Magnolia denudata (Yulan magnolia) (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Magnolia kobus "Borealis" (Kobushi Magnolia)

Magnolia kobus ‘Borealis’ (Kobushi Magnolia)

SOURCE:  Magnolia kobus ‘Borealis’ (Kobushi Magnolia) (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Magnolia x soulangeana (Saucer Magnolia)

Magnolia x soulangeana (Saucer Magnolia)

SOURCE:  Magnolia x soulangeana (Saucer Magnolia) (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Michelia doltsopa (Sweet Michelia)

Michelia doltsopa (Sweet Michelia)

SOURCE:  Michelia doltsopa (Sweet Michelia) (Woodside, San Mateo County, California); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 19 February 2017.

Copyright © 2017 by Stephen J. Danko

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