John Rawding in the 1901 Census of Canada

Today, I participated in an online chat for the Canadian Records courses I’m taking through the National Institute for Genealogical Studies.  During that chat, I mentioned that I was interested in finding Canadian immigration records.  None of my direct ancestors lived in Canada, but three of my aunts and two of my uncles married spouses with roots in Canada.

The instructor, Brenda Merriman, mentioned that Canadian immigration records were only maintained starting in 1865.  I knew that most of the families for which I was searching had immigrated before that, so I’d have no luck looking for immigration records for most of them.  One family, the Rawdings, was still a possibility.  I knew that my Aunt Nat’s father-in-law, Allister Rawding, was born on 19 May 1893 in Millville, Aylesford, Nova Scotia, but I didn’t know when the family immigrated to Canada.

Brenda suggested that I search the 1901 and 1911 Census Records for Canada to find the year of immigration.  I quickly searched the database and, to my surprise, I found Allister Rawding in the 1901 Census living with his parents, John and Melissa Rawding!

1901 Census Record for the John Rawding Household - Left

1901 Census Record for the John Rawding Household (Left Side)

1901 Census Record for the John Rawding Household - Right

1901 Census Record for the John Rawding Household (Right Side)

SOURCE: John Rawding Household, 1901 Canada Census, Schedule 1, Nova Scotia, District No. 36 – Kings County, Sub-District No. S – Millville, Dwelling House 1, Family or Household 1, Lines 1-8, Library and Archives Canada Micropublication T-6453.

Click on the link for a PDF copy of the Canada Census Record for the John Rawding Household – 1901.  The record states that:

  • The household consists of John Rawding born 6 Apr 1853, his wife Melissa born 3 Sep 1851, and their children Bernard born 14 Jul 1883, Ernest S. born 19 Sep 1884, James M. born 14 Dec 1885, Minnie S. born 23 May 1886, Frederick born 3 May 1889, and Allister born 19 May 1893
  • Everyone in the household was born in Nova Scotia, was of Irish origin, was of Canadian nationality, was of Baptist faith, could read and write, and spoke English, but none spoke French
  • John’s occupation was farmer working at home in a mill, Bernard’s occupation was [illegible] son, and Ernest’s occupation was mill hand working at home in a mill
  • John and Ernest worked 6 months in a factory and 6 months at home, each earning $120 in their occupation
  • James, Minnie, Frederick, and Allister were in school 10 months of the year

Well, clearly, if John and Melissa were born in Nova Scotia in the 1850s, I don’t need to search Canadian immigration records, since their families were in Canada before the immigration records were maintained.

However, this clearly was an early Christmas present.  I now have information on the Rawding family I didn’t have before, and this information may lead to more records, especially the Canadian Census records from 1861-1891.

Copyright © 2006 by Stephen J. Danko

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3 Responses to John Rawding in the 1901 Census of Canada

  1. Barbara Poole says:

    Hi Steve,
    I am wondering if you used to obtain the 1901 and 1911 censuses. If so, there is also another way to view the censuses, and most have been double checked for accuracy before the index was done. This is a free source. I still use the for the above, but have found many transcription errors. Sometimes it is nice to be able to use two indexes. If interested in the free site, let me know, I’ll send you the site. Barb

  2. Thanks, Barbara,

    Yes, I’d be interested in a free site with a different index for the 1901 and 1911 Canadian Census Records. I found transcription errors in just about every index I searched, and I’ve found it very helpful to have more than one index. Sometimes one index will record the transcription correctly even if another records it incorrectly.


  3. Sean Carrol says:

    Hi Steve.

    I stumbled upon your pages here and was impressed. I happen to live in Peg and Irene’s former home, and have been in touch wih them from time to time following their move to Old Orchard Maine. I don’t know if you have contact info for them. You can Email me if you would like.

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