When genealogists enter the names of the locations where events in their ancestors’ lives occurred, they are faced with the dilemma of how to enter place names so as to unambiguously identify the locations in both space and time.
In 1844, the Russian Authority reorganized the administrative structure of the Kingdom of Poland, combining and renaming some of the gubernias.
At this time, the Lublin Gubernia increased in size when the existing Lublin Gubernia merged with the Podlasie Gubernia, the Radom Gubernia was created from the combination of the Kielce and Sandomierz Gubernias, and the Warsaw Gubernia was created from the combination of the Kalisz and Masovian Gubernias. In 1844, only five gubernias still existed:
gubernia augustowska (Augustów Gubernia)
gubernia lubelska (Lublin Gubernia) created from the combination of the Lublin and Podlasie Gubernias
gubernia płocka (Płock Gubernia)
gubernia radomska (Radom Gubernia) created from the combination of the Kielce and Sandomierz Gubernias
gubernia warszawska (Warsaw Gubernia) created from the combination of the Kalisz and Masovian Gubernias
Genealogists may specify a place name in the Kingdom of Poland from 1844-1867 as follows:
name of city or village, powiat, gubernia, nation
Krasne, Przasnysz Powiat, Płock Gubernia, Kingdom of Poland
or, if one prefers to write the place name in Polish:
Krasne, powiat przasnyski, gubernia płocka, Królestwo Polskie
The Kingdom of Poland was also known informally as Congress Poland (Kongresówka). In my own records, I call the nation established by the Congress of Vienna the “Congress Kingdom of Poland” in order to differentiate this nation from the Kingdom of Poland that existed from 1025-1569 and the Kingdom of Poland proposed as a puppet state by the German Empire and Austrian Empire from 1916-1918.
In 1867, after the failed January Uprising that broke out on 22 January 1863, the Kingdom of Poland was officially incorporated into the Russian Empire and became known as the Vistula Land (Kraj Nadwiślański in Polish) of the Russian Empire.
Other articles in this series:
Copyright © 2010 by Stephen J. Danko